During five years, Myanmar migrant workers made around 2,000 complaints to the Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population and other related organizations.
Aye Aye Moe, Director of Migrant Workers Division at the Department of Labour said: “We have many sources. We have Migrant Resource Centers (MRC), complaint mechanisms, direct complaints to headquarters and complaints from the embassies. From 2013 to 2018, the number of complaints has reached 1,944. Our department deals with all complaints. More than 50 complaints remain to be resolved.”
Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population has opened migrant resource centers in cooperation with the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
“The MRC has opened the centers in cooperation with the International Labour Organization (ILO). We educate the people about migration as much as we can. Now, the MRC are opened at the places where many migrant workers are present. The MRC helps workers solve their problems when they contact us. But most of migrant workers fail to contact our offices. Migrant workers get less exposure to offices. Only a few workers come to our offices,” she added.
The ministry has opened 13 MRC offices for migrant workers.
Aung Kyaw Than from the IOM said: “Myanmar sees mass migration. According to the 2014 nationwide census, the number of migrant workers is 4.29 million. It accounts for 10 per cent of the country’s total populations. Myanmar sees the highest number of migrant workers among Asean countries. The ILO has conducted surveys in Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar and Thailand. According to the survey, migrant workers from Vietnam go to Malaysia via the official routes. But about 80 per cent of migrant workers from Myanmar go to Malaysia via illegal routes.”
Myanmar migrant workers face salary manipulations and don’t get full salaries as they migrate to Malaysia via illegal routes.