IS craves for Islamic State and future of Myanmar (Part II)

Phyo Wai


When we can assume that the conspiracy of IS militants behind the Rakhine issue rooted in Myanmar since 2012 comes into shape, civil war is still going on with chaos and commotion.

Responsible officials need to answer the question of whether Myanmar with such chaos and commotion can become like Syria.

Roughly looking at Syria, it has over 100 armed groups. It is an agricultural country. While civil war was being waged against the government, IS militants had occupied half of the country. Consequently, more than 300,000 people were killed and over 11 million homeless.

After seven years of civil war, the Islamic State of IS militants fell, but the country still has difficulty with rehabilitation and peace. Myanmar has now become like such an agricultural country with over 100 insurgent groups where IS militants grabbed their opportunity while the people were in total disagreement.

In Syria the armed groups rose against the government and IS militants occupied much part of the country. In Syria there are more than 100 armed groups and civil war is going on. But for Myanmar, there is the threat of IS militants as well as the situation in which we have to confront the international community. So, it is necessary to answer the question of what should we do.

What we need to consider is that Myanmar does not become another Syria in Asia.

Myanmar is the poorest country in Southeast Asia. It has the lowest military spending. It has the largest number of armed groups. In this situation, Myanmar has to cover internal military expenses and face attacks of IS backed extremist Bengali terrorists and pressure from foreign countries which believe human rights for Bengalis are being violated. Based on the concept that Bengalis are Rohingya and the false news that they are facing genocide, some Islamist countries are trying to pressure Myanmar militarily. Trying as much as we could to end the civil war which disrupts the peace process, protect national sovereignty and prevent the ploy to establish an Islamic state the IS has been craving for in Myanmar is more crucial than attacking each other.

As a consequence of the civil war, the formation of Kofi Annan's over the Rakhine issue and the underestimating of extremist Bengali terrorists, Myanmar has been a loser in the international community.

The undeniable consequence is that after Annan's commission had been formed, there were many deaths of civilians and Bengali terrorists. In the international community, criticism emerged which is stronger than that the military government faced. Some have pressured the country militarily. As a sovereign nation, Myanmar is also under pressure with a threat of R2P or RtoP (the Responsibility to Protect). Moreover, the Human Rights Council made a decision to send a facts-finding mission to Rakhine State. Meanwhile, there are voices calling for the revocation of the Nobel Peace prize of State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi. There are criticisms coming from Malala Yousafzai, Desmond Tutu and Pope Francis. As the international community put pressure on Myanmar by misunderstanding the ongoing terrorist attacks, coordination has to be sought with friendly nations so that the Rakhine issue cannot reach the Security Council. But after the formation of Annan's commission, we can say that the Rakhine problem has become the international issue rather than the internal one. To be free from international pressure and prevent further conflict, it is necessary to implement the commission's recommendations as quickly as possible, except for amendment to the 1982 Citizenship Law and formation of militia groups with Bengalis.

Another assumption is that like the problem of Ukraine's Crimea, the Bengalis in the name of Rohingya living along the Bangladeshi border are trying to establish a new area in Myanmar in collision with Bangladesh by controlling Maungdaw region. Like the Crimea crisis in which the Ukrainian land is likely to merge into the Russian land, Bengalis are attempting to occupy Maungdaw region in light of Bangladesh's dream about Great Bengal. For this, I want to question the standing of the UN and the countries putting pressure on Myanmar. We have to question whether the UN is clearly putting pressure so that Rakhine State's Maungdaw region can merge with Bangladesh after it has split away.

Former Information Minister Ye Htut said on his Facebook page: "In Buthidaung and Maungdaw, ARSA Bengali terrorists did not launch synchronized attacks on police outposts and ethnic villages of Rakhine, Mro and Dinet to occupy the territory. First, they want Buthidaung/Maungdaw to become the region without rule of law so that it cannot be ruled. That is why they attacked police posts, killed administrators and planted mines on the roads to force the ethnic people there to flee. Second, they want Buthidaung/Maungdaw to become the region in need of humanitarian aid. So, based on Muslim villages, they attacked security troops. When fighting occurred in villages, even those villagers who didn't get involved did not dare to live there. They had to flee to Bangladesh. In some villages, the terrorists burned homes to prevent the villagers from coming back. Then, tens of thousands of refugees fleeing to Bangladesh have become a centre of attention to the international community. The ultimate aim of ASRA Bengali terrorists is to reach the situation where humanitarian crisis is happening in northern Rakhine State and the Myanmar government has no chance but to recognize Bengalis as Rohingya race. If they become a national race, they will continue to make sure that an autonomous region is established. To achieve that aim, they don’t need canons and airplanes and involvement of UN troops. They can reach the level of conflict they want with their small weapons, mines, swords and petrol bombs. Now we have seen international leaders and many famous people issuing their critical statements and making demands over the Bengali issue without knowing a thing about Rakhine State. The former Thein Sein administration did not face such a severe pressure. This is why when it comes to the Rakhine issue, we have to counterattack on the ground as well as in the international community.

Until now, the government, politicians, local media and citizens are making responses to it in the international arena as much as they can. But their efforts to counter it are scattering. It is very similar to the situation that the people struggled against the British army with swords and sticks only when King Thibaw was exiled. There is no collective strategy. It is just like we are using amateur-level boxers while other side uses heavyweight boxers. It is crucial for our country to lay down an all-inclusive strategy. Under the leadership of the government, those from political, social and information sectors can engage in it by putting aside their likes and dislikes. It is impossible to use the reactive strategy at a time when the enemy side uses strategic techniques, former Information Minister Ye Htut writes on his facebook.

The sure point is that Myanmar people will not agree to the situations like the sovereign territory is separated from the country. Crimea secedes from Ukrainian. IS militants may build a stronghold in the country and the country recognizes illegal Bengalis who are disliked by more than 90 per cent of the total population as ethnic. Now the country urgently needs to formulate necessary strategies. 

Myanmar military power according to the GFP’s report

The word “the military expenditure is the highest” no longer exists in the time of the NLD-led government. Now the military expenditure stands 3rd in the Union budget.

Another point is Myanmar’s military expenditure is the lowest among ASEAN countries. According to a report issued by the Global Fire Power, Myanmar military strength is ranked 31. But there remain many needs. It needs to think about the facts such as civil wars, terror attacks by extremist Bengalis who want to annex the country’s territory and international interventions.

According to the GFP’s report in 2017, Myanmar is ranked 31 out of 133 countries. The rank promoted from 44 in 2015 to 33 in 2016. It shows that there is progress. But there are some weaknesses. Indonesia, Vietnam and Thailand have more military power than Myanmar Tatmadaw.

According to the calculation based on over 56 million population, the country has 406,000 military personnel and 110,000 auxiliary forces. Annually, 1,003,000 youths can join the army. The available human resource is 30 million while more than 21 million youths are ready.

Air force stands at 38th place and naval force, at 15th place even though it is ranked 31 according to the capacity of armed forces (army, navy and air). Army has 592 combat tanks, 1,358 armored fighting vehicles, 108 self propelled artillery, 108 towed artilleries and 108 rocket projectors. Air force has 249 flights, 56 fighter aircrafts, 77 attack aircrafts, 97 transport flights, 58 training flights, 86 helicopters and nine attack helicopters, according to the GFP.

The navy which is ranked 15 has 155 total naval assets. It has no submarine, destroyers and aircraft carriers. It has five frigates, three corvettes, 40 patrol crafts and one mine warfare vessel. The country needs to extend its navy as the country faces security problems due to the illegal entry of Bengalis via inland and waterways. It is ranked 31 out of 133 countries and stands at the 4th place in ASEAN. Indonesia is ranked 14, Vietnam, 16, Thailand, 20, Malaysia, 33 and the Philippines, 50.  Under the Force Goal 2030, Bangladesh which is expanding its navy is ranked 57 and Singapore, 65. All countries need to make its security forces stronger even though they may have secret weapons. According to the GFP, Turkey which is putting pressure on Myanmar is ranked eight. The UK which always brings the illegal Bengali affair into the international stage is ranked 6; Egypt, 10; Pakistan which is giving training to extremist Bengali terrorists, 13; Iran, 21; Saudi Arabia, 24; and Syria, 44.

A security policy expert said: “The country needs naval force. It needs to build naval force with the aim of protecting the national interest of the country. The expansion of naval force depends on the State budget. Senior military officers have already revealed officially that the country is expanding its navy under a year-on-year plan. It will own submarines sometime in the future. It cannot be said that we won submarine only after buying it. We need a certain period of time to produce human resources for the operation of submarine. In addition, we need jetties for submarine. It will materialize in the future. Many people from Bangladesh illegally enter the country via sea. The country needs to expand its navy in necessary places.” 

The annual defence expenditure accounts for about 14 per cent of the Union budget. It faces criticism that defence expenditure is higher than that in health and education sectors. Myanmar’s military budget is relatively higher than those in Cambodia and Brunei but remains lower than those in other ASEAN countries.

In 2017-2018 fiscal year, Singapore stands first on the list of defence budget spending with US$ 10 billion, followed by Indonesia with US$ 8.3 billion, Thailand with US$ 6 billion, Vietnam with US$ 5 billion, Malaysia with US$ 3.6 billion, the Philippines with US$ 2.76 billion, Bangladesh with US$ 2.8 billion and Myanmar with US$ 2.14 billion. China’s defence budget is likely to reach US$ 147 billion in this fiscal year as it plans to make a 7-per-cent budget increase. India has earmarked a defence budget of up to US$ 40.4 billion. Myanmar is one of the countries with the lowest military expenditures. The contribution ratio of military expenditures to GDP remains high as the country is poor, according to a paper on the military spending for 2017-2018 FY, which is jointly compiled by Tagaung Institute of Political Studies and the Center for Myanmar Institute of Strategic Studies. Nowadays, the army alone is not enough for the security of a country. We use the terms “national security, homeland security” as the world countries turn to economic warfare and cyber warfare. We need to carry out necessary preparations for homeland security so as to ensure the perpetuation of sovereignty.

 “The eligibility of citizenship is not only limited to fulfilling the criteria of the 1982 citizenship laws but also requires to be homogenous with Myanmar’s traditions and culture as well as those that are loyal or willing to be loyal to the nation. The law cannot and should not be amended. Whoever wishes to be a part of a society must pay respect and willing to conform to its laws. Otherwise, citizenship status is out of the question. This is something the international community had decided to ignore one-sidedly. This is an issue that will damage the national security and interest. As a nation, we have to fortify five resources; human, technology, economy, cultural as well as National & Homeland security. If we meet those five requirements, we have nothing to fear from every threat out there. But as it is right now, we’re being bullied. This is detrimental towards stability and growth. It greatly disturbs the peace. If you want to be a citizen, you have to be loyal. No country in the world is willing to accept people that aren’t. Even the USA is not accepting every single refugee they welcome as citizens. The process itself takes time with interviews conducted as well as be fluent in their native language. A person that wins the citizenship lottery isn’t automatically made into a citizen. They are not easily given out citizenship rights. It is especially unacceptable in a situation where we’re getting pressured over a decision that will harm our nation’s sovereignty, “said economic policy expert DrAung Ko Ko.

The cost of decades long civil wars within the country have been great and the spending needed to bring peace and stability as well as the rebuilding process in Rakhine State that is under attack by extremist terrorists and illegal Bengali immigrants will definitely take a chunk out of the national budget. Even temporary measures, such as the building of and repairing of the border fence as well as security gates, will cost billions of Kyat.

Furthermore, the entry point for illegal Bengalis is not only limited to Rakhine State. While Rakhine is the primary gateway for them, many others are able to enter through Chin and Ayeywady. In light of such tremendous spending needed to plug so many holes, the best course of action Myanmar can take for its citizens to cease all the in-fighting. If we keep holding true to the ancient proverb “The enemy of my enemy is my friend” and welcome foreign dangers, Myanmar may as well become Asia’s Syria.

Illegal Bengalis, AA, ARSA and drug trade – The Gordian Knot

We have, at this point, to assume that the drug trade funds activities of terrorist groups like the ARSA as well as armed insurgents such as the AA. Before and after the formation of the Annan Commission in October 2016, major drug busts have always been related to Rakhine State. In the final report submitted by the commission, it mentions the thriving drug trade as one of the major reasons behind the conflict but astonishingly, there still has yet to be any announcement over this matter. This is a crucial, cash flow for extremists and insurgents that must be pursued with great intensity if we want to stop and prevent more terror attacks from happening.

According to the report, it expressed worry over drugs being smuggled through Maungdaw and Buthidaung all the way to Cox’s Bazaar in Bangladesh as well as increase in the amount of narcotics being smuggled in the recent years.

The Information Committee had also issued their analysis that the drug trade was what had been largely funding insurgents AA and extremist terrorists group ARSA within Rakhine.

The government requires a proper anti-narcotic trading strategy in order to better combat attacks by the AA and ARSA. The corruption festering within border guard officers along the Bangladesh border must also be addressed with better acuity. The flow of drugs from eastern Myanmar all the way to the West must be staunched.

“The drug trading route goes through Buthidaung, Maungdaw through towards Bangladesh. From there on, it leaves toward many other countries. The ‘Wa’ armed forces are also involved in the drug trade. It is astounding that no news of drug trade had popped up as follow up after the conflict began. Whether its terrorism or communal conflict, narcotic trade must be stopped,” said Sein Win, Director of a private independent group advocating for media growth in Myanmar.

The drugs that come through Rakhine are distributed later all the way towards Bangladesh, India and Middle Eastern countries. The government must act quickly upon the commission’s extremely important suggestion to tackle corruption and drug issues and thus in turn reducing terrorism. It is of paramount importance that the big drug manufacturers and distributors get shut down.

Are our BCIM neighbors capable of dousing Rakhine’s flames?

Rakhine State is undeniably a very strategic piece not only for Myanmar but also for the interests of Bangladesh, China and India. As we put the aforementioned fact as a cornerstone, we must build a discussion onto it on whether the prevention of a terror-driven Islamic State from being born is in their business interests.

While India only has Kaladanmulti-modal project in mind when it concerns Rakhine, it is a project that will link Sittwe and Colcutta. The place where Myanmar’s military was ambushed by the AA in the Paletwa, Kalewa region lays the trade route, both naval and ground, and that will go through India’s Mizoram. Moreover, India is looking to power balance out China’s One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative as part of India’s “Act East” policy.

When it comes to China, Rakhine is the dream port that will allow access to two oceans. There are Kyaukphyu deep sea port and SEZ, Shwe natural gas pipeline and the possibility of connecting Kyaukphyu – Kuming railroad with Bangladesh (a country in which China had also invested), Rakhine is integral to China’s OBOR.

Bangladesh, holding onto their Great Bengal policy but facing population explosion within a small amount of territory, relies on Myanmar as a major trade partner. As mentioned above, China is investing more and more into upgrading Bangladesh’s infrastructure as they need functioning trade routes, both land and sea, to keep India’s influence in check. Those routes all must go through Myanmar and for all of those purposes the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) forum was organized. It will be a nightmare for all involved if Rakhine transforms into a zone constantly controlled and terrorized as an Islamic State by IS sponsored group ARSA.

Bangladesh must begin with accepting the “Rohingya” as one of their own and cease refusing them as Myanmar’s refugee problem. It must cooperate together with Myanmar deeply to solve this issue.

“One of the options we must think of is cooperation between BCIM nations. The situation isn’t like before as leaving this matter as is will only serve to escalate the terrorism as we now know that they have real goal. Economic development for Rakhine is needed. Bangladesh faces overpopulation, so much so that they fast ran out of space to live comfortably amongst themselves. The country is also gradually getting lower than sea level. So naturally, the people migrated but instead of homogenizing with the local culture, they chose to fight against their hosts and eventually look to claim the territory as their own. There was never a problem with the Chinese and Indian immigrants. If we were to look at Europe nations, especially Germany, they are facing some real problems with the refugees they accepted. They came in and committed violent acts. It is also true for Britain and Spain with the recent attacks in places like Barcelona. It is a terrible communion between overpopulation and bad economic growth with the former trumping over the latter. They (Bangladesh) did not have any sort of policies such as the One-Child-Per-Family policy China adopted when China’s economy was in the dumps. So when things are bad, people move to greener pastures and eventually breached into territories belonging to others. It became so bad that the local natives came under the risk of being chased out from their ancestral lands. The natives, Rakhine and Chin, also fall under least developed status and so there were attempts to heighten development. This is not a matter of race but of colonization. I believe that if that can be addressed, things will most likely simmer down, not completely gone,” said a member of the NLD’s economic committee.

During the terrorist attacks launched by ARSA terrorists on northern Rakhine State, Indian Prime Minister Modi’s Look East Policy can compete against China. India expressed understanding of Myanmar’s stance on Rakhine issues and could improve good neighbourly relations with Myanmar.

At such a time, China and Bangladesh ought to question whether they would have to do for their interests and strategies. Whenever Bangladesh has a problem with Myanmar, the former used to voice that the refugees fleeing to Bangladesh are more than the actual number. First Myanmar has to collect the list of Bengalis fleeing to Bangladesh. Then, Myanmar has to check the list collected by Bangladesh. Myanmar has to accept only those being appropriate with rules and regulations. This process is normal and it is already known to Bangladesh. The announcement of the United Nations that there are more than 270,000 Bengalis fleeing Myanmar is not totally true. The official list of Myanmar shows more than 26,000 Bengalis. Taking advantage of more fleeing IDPs, Bengalis in the name of Rohingya are trying to seek asylum to take citizenship in a particular developing country.

Dr Naing Swe Oo, executive director of Thayninga Institute for Strategic Studies, said: “Our country’s foreign policy is peaceful coexistence. Myanmar has had peaceful relations with international countries. Bangladesh is our neighbour. It is in a high level of population explosion. Those from Bangladesh crossed here and then problem arose here. In my opinion, full cooperation from both sides must have based on diplomatic approach. Matters relating to border security and illegal Bengali migrants must be negotiated. Some news that civilians are being shot and Bengalis are fleeing to Bangladesh is not totally wrong.  At present, some review that Bangladesh has flexible relations with Myanmar. In my opinion, cooperation must have between the two countries as much as we can.

Bangladesh is better in development than Myanmar. But boat people are most from Bangladesh. They are troubling to Myanmar in the name of Rohingya to seek asylum in a political manner.

Thaung Tun, National Security Adviser, said: “There were those have been to Bangladesh previously.  We have examples of re-calling those who have been to Bangladesh. They must have right document on citizenship. We scrutinize how long they have lived in Myanmar individually. If they are right, we call them back. If they are non-Myanmar citizens, it is impossible to call them back to Myanmar.”  

Lay down anti-terrorism strategy as quickly as possible

Those pointing out that terrorism can be changed into racial or religious riot are required to know that Myanmar accepts Bengalis if they are right with the 1982 Citizenship Law. For instance, even Korea, the country the mother of Yanghee Lee is living, allow about 10 mosques. But in Myanmar, there are 1,278 mosques, 1,143 Arabic schools and 1,659 Mawlawis in Maungdaw alone. Moreover, there are 17 Hindu temples and 7 Christian churches there, stated in the summary of the report of Investigation Commission.

Shouts of genocide against Bengalis in Rakhine State are coming out again at the present time. State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi officially said that there was no genocide against Bengalis in Myanmar. This report was also submitted to the US Congress. This is the best proof that there is no genocide against Bengalis. Rakhine State has a population of 515,484 Muslim people in 1973. In 2016, the number of Muslim people increased to 1,054,790. The Muslim population in 2016 is twice as much as it was in 1973.

If genocide against Bengalis in Rakhine State is wanted to argue, the communal violence between Rakhine and Bengali erupted in Alethankyaw in 1942 will be the best proof. The communal violence murdered more than 20,000 Rakhine people and destroyed more than 200 Rakhine ethnic villages. Original Rakhine ethics were displaced by Bengalis.

“The 1942-like communal violence is totally unacceptable in Myanmar. Loss of territory is also the same matter. They will try to occupy this territory. If they have owned it, they will declare as their designated area. Gradually they will try to live together with their nationalities in this region. Their aim is not exactly known. But we think like so. It is totally impossible to split up Myanmar’s territory,” Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services, said.

Maungdaw District has a population of 834,637 people. Of them, 755371 people are Muslims accounting for 90.50 percent.

“Rakhine issue is unlike that of the southern part of Thailand. Now is encroaching sovereignty. If they live in peace, there will no problem. They launched terrorist attacks on 30 police outposts at the same time and it is totally unacceptable. In this state, they must be handled through the angle of national security every country accepts. On the other hand, it is required for State’s economy not to go down and to ensure stability and peace. Finally, finance allocation must be reviewed. National security is of great importance. How to maintain stability and peace is also crucial. This problem is moderately important to stabilize our country. Those wanting to live in peace may encounter difficulties. How can I think of why don’t accept Myanmar Citizenship Law? They constantly demand only Rohingya. Rohingya is not ethnic. If they are not ethnic, they can’t enjoy ethic rights. For instance, PaO and Palaung are ethnics so they are granted autonomy. Rohingya is not ethnic and it is already said that there is no Rohingya in Myanmar.

“Their language, religion and cultures are all the same as those living in the neighbouring country. If so, why are they called Bengalis in the neighbouring country? In our side, why are they called Rohingya? Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia and Lao are almost same in appearance. China, Japan and Korean have white skin. All have their particular languages and lands. In Europe, all the people are the same in appearance. But they have different languages. Now it is strange that they are Rohingya here, but they are Bengali in the neighbouring country. Why are they demanding themselves as Rohingya? What is the aim of their forcible demand? These become thinking for us. Kayin and Padaung people are living in the border of Myanmar and Thailand. Kayin and Padaung speak their mother languages. A tribe must have identity. So-called Rohingya speak Bangladeshi language. Religion is the same. They can apply for Myanmar citizenship in accord with Myanmar Citizenship Law. If one wants to be a citizen in any country including the United States, he must respect traditional or customary law and then he must be royal to this country. Here, in our country, they are not royal to the country and rebel against the country. For that reason, we must re-think of their citizenship. There are many Myanmar people who are granted US citizens in the United States. They must be faithful to the US. They are not allowed to grant US citizens within a short period. They must live in the US within a particular period and they must sit for the examination. They must be sworn in as US citizens.

“Whoever he is from which religion must abide by the rules. For instance, when the women arrive in a country of Muslim, they must cover their faces with a piece of cloth like scarf. Yanghee Lee has to wear like this. Customary law must be respected in any country. If someone wants to live in Myanmar, he must be identified in accord with Myanmar Citizenship Law whether he should be or not. Those who don’t have the right to living in Thailand and Malaysia are being deported in groups. Someone can’t go a country without having any related document. If someone wants to go transit, he must apply for visa. It is meaningless that we must grant them a place as theirs is a populous country,” a person who is studying Rakhine issues said.     

Authentic news and real images of indigenous Rakhine ethnics who are the genuine victims of the Rakhine crisis after October 2016 could not be spread massively in the international headlines. The world knew only the voices of Bengalis with the effective assistances of INGOs and international media that Rohingyas are being killed, raped and burnt. The world stands only with Bengalis in Rakhine crisis. Those biases were greatly intense as the United Nations Human Right Council demanded Yanghee Lee, the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar to resign. Worse of all, it has been obvious that the capacity of the Ministry of Information of Myanmar was inefficient to respond timely information and responses.

Vice Chair of Myanmar Press Council Aung Hla Tun said: “The greatest responsibility for Myanmar media at present is safeguarding our international image, which has been badly tarnished by some unethical international media reports. Some influential international media often tends to sensationalize their reports and practice ‘agenda-setting’ when covering some sensitive issues in our country for various reasons. Agenda-Setting” means covering a certain issue, more frequently and prominently than normal so that this issue attracts more international attention and becomes an international agenda gradually In the absence of influential local media, our country is forced to leave our international image in the hands of the outside media. Now, our international image has become at the mercy of a handful of influential outside media. They are just picturing our image among the international community, as they please.”

There are such assumptions as more terrors will be attacked by the extremist Bengali terrorists while the world is taking that Rohingyas are being oppressed. Therefore, the government should implement suggestions of Annan Commission ASAP.

After the announcement which states that instigations and supports to the terrorism will be taken actions was made, INGOs were found out involving in the stirring crisis. Former parliamentarian of Union Solidarity and Development Party Shwe Maung has been charged under Anti-Terrorism Law. The government needs to scrutinize the international humanitarian aids and to make sure that INGOs not getting involve in the terrorist movements in Rakhine State. The government has to set strategy to combat drugs and educate to the Bengalis living in Rakhine State about consequences of terrorism in order to prevent terrors in Rakhine State.

I had written that they [Bengali] drew a strategy to attack [Rakhine]. It wasn’t first time attack since October of 2016. They never stop to launch one time attack as there had been money supporters standing behind them as well as foreigners were conducting training courses to them.  However, the geographical condition was a dense forest and creeks. Likewise, the outposts were very far distance and a few guards had been position at the region. That’s why all outposts were attacked at the same time. Meanwhile, the guards had to use their previous strategy. Terrorists attacked the outposts in early morning and they can use a lot of people. We found that terrorists from three stations systematically attacked 30 outposts and a battalion. Before launching the violence about one month ago, a Malawian was arrested with 40 walkie-talkies. We had seen that they planned to launch a military operation in the region. In doing so, we saw their leadership skills. They never stop fighting. They are now willing to get their rights and financial assistance and arms from the abroad. In my opinion, they will be doing the violence attacks by getting the foreign assistance. Therefore, we need to carry out preparatory measure against their attacks. During the incident, they had to start a revolution by holding hand-made arms such as knifes, sticks, swords and arms for their rights. Is it just for show? As they aimed to rebel their ethnic rights by holding the arms, there has been many assistance behind them. Likewise, there are a lot of black weapon markets. As you know, if a person will have money, he or she can buy a weapon and can attack it. Therefore, firstly, we need to restrict our border security. For example, a border fence between India and Pakistan was built with steel barbed wires. Moreover, security guards patrolled along the border fence. In our country, the border fences were built with affordable budget. Moreover, the Indian government installed the CCTV cameras along the border areas with the aim to prevent against the people who want to come to India illegally through waterway. That’s why we need to upgrade our techniques and to add reinforcements along border fence.  Another is we need to scrutinize the Bengali villages in accordance with the 1982 Citizenship Law. Moreover, It is needed to hold educative talks on disadvantage of religious extremists to them [Bengali] with the aim not to become one of the members of terrorists,” said Dr. Naing Swe Oo.

Rakhine State is a least developed region as well as it is lack of job opportunities. Government needs to create job opportunities for Bengalis who were allowed becoming citizenship in accordance with the 1982 Citizenship law by getting international assistances. For Myanmar, it is very difficult to create job opportunity for ethnic IDPs who were fleeing to safer places due to civil war. So, it is trouble for her to carry out development of non-Myanmar citizen of Bengalis. That’s why for Myanmar government, they must scrutinize the Bengali in accordance with the 1982 Myanmar Citizenship Law and then they must allow Bengalis who were granted as Myanmar citizenships to depart to the foreign countries officially. But, they[Myanmar] need to initial ask the help in accepting the given Myanmar citizenship status Bengalis as official workers at Turkey, Britain, Malaysia and Pakistan. If the Turkey Britain, Malaysia and Pakistan will accept the given Myanmar citizenship status Bengalis who have ability to do more works, Myanmar must be needed to receive financial aids from Britain, Turkey and Malaysia for rehabilitation of internal remaining given Myanmar citizenship status Bengalis who haven’t ability to do the works. In accordance with the Humanitarian rights, Britain, Turkey, Pakistan and Malaysia must pay special attention to given  Myanmar citizenship status Bengalis by accepting as their official workers and providing cash aids for socio-economic life of internal given  Myanmar citizenship status Bengalis.

The Media reported that the IS extremists and Pakistan had involved behind in the Rakhine crisis. Likewise, Al-Qaeda’s senior leader from Yemen threatened to attack Myanmar authorities in support of the Bengalis in Myanmar. Regarding the threatening act of Al-Qaeda’s senior leader, the current violence is the act of ARSA extremists who desire to establish a new state in the region.

Terrorism should be regarded as terrorist outlook. The idea of going a U-turn to black hands behind the crisis goes wrong. The current terrorist attacks are totally unlike the situation happened in 1988. All the entire people should not believe in the arousing words or phrases ‘Seize power because of violence situations’. It is a certain fact that an Islamic exodus land the IS are hoping will appear in the northern Rakhine State if ARSA extremists Bengali terrorists supported by IS militants are underestimated.